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  1. Hi, I would like to heard people about what they are thinking about the french fact in Canada What do you think about the idea of a Bilingual Canada ? Do you think that Pierre Elliott Trudeau was right about that ? PS: In this topic I'm asking everybody to be respectful while sharing opinions Thank you
  2. Can you ever imagine a country like Canada not having clean drinking water? In the 1970s the Canadain government promised to bring clean drinking water to all of Canada. Now in 2020 100% of cities of clean drinking water and 99% of rural areas have clean drinking water. the 1% which is missing is the Indigenous reserves. People living on the reserves don't have access to clean drinking water. They are poorly funded. Now the question of what would the Canadian government do if Toronto had no cleaning drinking water? BTW if you guys want to know more about me and my youtube channel check it out. I interview high profile politicians including Former PMs and MPs and Senators.
  3. Im currently a grade 12 student who started an Initiative to Inform Youth about Politics and World Issues. I started this podcast in the summer of 2019 after seeing the lack of attention being given to the Canadain election of 2019. My older friends were not voting, and if they were voting, they voted without the proper knowledge. That led me to create this podcast where I try to inform the youth about world issues and politics, and hopefully encourage them to vote. CHECK IT OUT HERE & TELL ME WHAT YOU THINK
  4. 1 Federal Politics and The Desire of People, My Theory of Collective Desire by exegesisme 1 strengthen canadian dollars in long run, let market work in short run, which means the motion of market should be in the framework of non-market in long run. 2 the framework of non-market is the infrastructure of market, a good market should has a good infrastructure. 3 the most important infrastructures of market are good education, good scientific technology and good desire of people. 4 good desire of people is even more important than good education and good scientific technology. 5 the people with good desire know how to distribute their finite resources, usually including their faculty, time and money, for meeting their needs in long run. 6 a good leadership knows how to promote the people to refine their desire, and the refined desire plays more efficient role in the behavior of people. 7 in my observation, the good leadership ultimately can only grow from a well designed political campaign. 8 really, the running of the well designed political campaign itself is the goodest way to promote the people developing and refining their desire. 9 I admire political campaign of us, Canada learns from us on a long way, maybe never has chance go ahead of us. 10 however, I still hope Canada can elect Prime Minister through direct election with many qualified runners. .
  5. My Criticisms and Reforming Suggestions for the Canadian Political Party System By Exegesisme Criticism 1, Technical definition for machines of election, can not provide great leadership to meet the great demand of great creativities of Canadian nation and Canadian people. On information: In Canada, for example, the Canada Elections Act defines a political party as: “an organization one of whose fundamental purpose is to participate in public affairs by endorsing one or more of its members as candidates and supporting their election.”​(1) Suggestion 1: defining political party by conscience, for example, conservative conscience, liberal conscience, NDP conscience, green conscience, and so on. Republic representative conscience providing great leadership re-organizes each individual conscience through different branches and different levels. Criticism 2, Electing interests of a party overtakes the interests of the nation and the people. On information: Under Canada’s parliamentary system, the political party with the most MPs in the House usually forms government. Once in power, the governing party (or its leader) is entitled to fill a broad range of positions in the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of government. Examples include the cabinet ministers, executive staff (to fill key roles in the Prime Minister’s Office), the Governor General of Canada, members of the Senate, and justices of the Supreme Court of Canada.​(1) Suggestion 2: each MPs in the House of Commons must speak and must vote on her or his conscience. Criticism 3, Very bad example of the political culture in the House of Commons. On information: In this context, political parties operate as agents of political culture, teaching the “rules of the game” to citizens. Other key agents of political culture include the family, the formal education system, religious institutions, the mass media, and government itself.(1)​ Most MPs are members of a political party and, as such, are required to follow the wishes of their party when deliberating and acting in the House. In Canada party discipline is much more acute than in other western democracies. In the United States and the United Kingdom, for example, representatives enjoy considerably more freedom from their parties. Canadian MPs, however, are expected to follow the direction set by their parties' leadership and caucus — even when that direction is in opposition to their views or the demands of their constituents.​(2) Suggestion 3: conscience as the only fundamental standard in the House of Commons. Criticism 4, The machines of election in Canada faraway from the people. On information: Estimates suggests only between 1 percent and 2 percent belong to parties on an ongoing basis, placing Canadian party membership near the bottom of a list vis-à-vis many other western democracies (Carty & Cross, 2010).​(1) In Canada, the parliamentary wings of parties stay continually active. The extra-parliamentary wing, by contrast, is often dormant, becoming active only during important events in the party’s life, such as election campaigns, leader selection or review, and large-scale reforms of the party’s policies. This is in contrast to other countries, such as Britain, where the extra-parliamentary wings of parties stay continually active, mobilizing electoral support and engaging the general public.​(1) Suggestion 4: conscience as core links the nation, the parties, and the people. Criticism 5, The mixture or ill-separation of legislative branch and executive branch weakens general representative function. On information: The parliamentary wing consists of the party’s elected members in Parliament, which usually includes the leader and members of the party caucus. This wing is responsible for party activities in the legislative and executive branches of government, such as voting on legislation, participating in parliamentary committees, and selecting government officials.​(1) Suggestion 5: the three branches of power should be well-separated for reconstituting the leadership of the whole nation to a higher level. Criticism 6, A set of a few through an alien system, which representative function of the people is very weak, rules all. On information: In theory, for a political party, the convention is the ultimate authority. In practice, however, the party’s leadership and elite tend to dominate party life (see below for more on party leadership).(1) Party organization also includes the local constituency level. The major parties usually have organizations in individual electoral districts, which oversee the activities of the party at the local level. These organizations are led by constituency executives who recruit volunteers and raise funds for election campaigning. This local level also plays a role in the election of convention delegates and the nomination and selection of candidates.(1) It is important to note that the concept of responsible government has a particular meaning in Canadian parliamentary democracy. At first glance, one might think it means it is about government being responsible or accountable to the people over whom it governs. In Canada's parliamentary system, however, it means ― more precisely ― that government is responsible to the elected representatives of the people.​(2) Suggestion 6: the set of the few should be deeply and accountably connected with the whole. Criticism 7, "The elected representatives of the people" do not really represents the people, but represents their parties as they vote in the House of Commons. On information: (Criticism 2 information(2)) Suggestion 7: each MP should reestablish her or his conscience with the people in the relevant constituency through the campaign of an election and routine connection. Criticism 8, The opposing influence effects extremely, no important influence on the government or overthrowing the government, and lacks establishing opposing influence. On information: If the party is not in power, the leader directs the caucus in opposing the government and its policies (where there is discord), raising criticisms of government actions and providing alternate policies. The leader usually oversees a shadow cabinet, made up of senior caucus members who focus on specific areas of public policy in their criticisms of the government.(1) Suggestion 8: the executive branch should have its own constitutional resources for its stability, and then the legislative branch can establish a situation for free speech and free vote on the republic conscience of each MP. Criticism 9, Policymaking process lacks general, strong and effective checks and balances. On information: At a very minimum, parties must develop platforms during elections which set out their course of action if the party is successfully elected to govern. In formulating policy, however, parties often face a difficult dilemma (Dyck, 2008). On the on hand, parties aim to provide party members with an opportunity to put forward and debate policy ideas. On the other, parties need to protect against adopting policy commitments that are unrealistic or may be detrimental to electoral success.(1) Suggestion 9: Canadian people need general political education for understanding the core position of their political rights in their life-time benefits, which strengthens the grassroots of policymaking and influence. Criticism 10, regionalism is a symptom of Ill-representative function of ill-party system and ill-federal politics. On information: Many of these new parties are or have been based around a particular region and its interests. The Bloc Québécois, for example, runs candidates only in the province of Quebec, with Quebec nationalism serving as its key policy plank. The Reform Party (and its later incarnation, the Canadian Alliance) was a western-based party that focused on themes including western alienation and seeking a voice for western interests in national politics.​(1) Instead of parties aggregating and accommodating interests on a national scale, Canada is left with a set of parties which are largely regionally based, focused predominantly on a given region’s interests.While this may be a valid charge, it is important to note that regional parties are an do articulate interests that may otherwise be marginalized in the political system. In this vein, the creation of the Reform Party/Canadian Alliance and Bloc Québécois parties was, in part, the result of perceived deficiencies in the existing political system at the time, where the interests of central Canada (and, in particular, Ontario) were thought to dominate.​(1) Suggestion 10: synthetic reformation aims to form Republic Representative Conscience for Republic Representative Function. Reference (1) http://mapleleafweb.com/features/political-parties-and-party-system-canada-history-operation-and-issues (2) http://mapleleafweb.com/features/house-commons-introduction-canadas-premier-legislative-body
  6. How Would Federal Politics Be In Information Era And Globarization?​ By Exegesisme As our Canadian federal election is being in process of old style, I see that all the world is renewing heavily. In USA, "Conservatives are really hungry for someone who is outside Washington, somebody who has not been on the treadmill of government, someone who will take on Washington and break up all these old models," said Matt Schlapp, chairman of the American Conservative Union. "I think we should move beyond the idea that Donald Trump is a flash in the pan. He is demonstrating that he is a real candidate who has sustained support."(1) In UK, "Fixed term parliaments - In the past, elections to the House of Commons had to be held within five years of the previous General Election but the Prime Minister had complete discretion over the actual date which was often the subject of considerable speculation and frequently a year or more before an election was legally necessary. The coalition parties agreed to the establishment of five year fixed-term parliaments and the necessary legislation has now been enacted. Therefore, subject to at an earlier time either a vote of no confidence in the Government or a two-thirds majority vote, each General Election will now be held on the first Thursday of May five years after the previous election"(2). This is just a direction what I once suggested for our Canadian federal political system.(3) As the politics becomes the game of the people all over the world, In Canada it is still a game of a few leaders of the political parties. What will be the next step for Canadian federal politics? What do you want it be? Reference (1) http://www.cnn.com/2015/08/18/politics/donald-trump-republican-2016-field/?iid=ob_article_roadto2016_pool&iref=obnetwork (2) http://www.rogerdarlington.me.uk/Britishpoliticalsystem.html#CR (3) ​http://www.mapleleafweb.com/forums/topic/24828-8-weaknesses-of-federal-political-system-and-reform/
  7. Reconstitution Of Canada By Exegesisme (1) 1 California Institute of Technology (Caltech) Pasadena United States of America 2 Harvard University Cambridge United States of America 3 University of Oxford Oxford United Kingdom 4 Stanford University Stanford United States of America 5 University of Cambridge Cambridge United Kingdom 6 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Cambridge United States of America 7 Princeton University Princeton United States of America 8 University of California, Berkeley Berkeley United States of America 9 Imperial College London London United Kingdom 9 Yale University New Haven United States of America 11 University of Chicago Chicago United States of America 12 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) Los Angeles United States of America 13 ETH Zürich – Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich Zürich Switzerland 14 Columbia University New York United States of America 15 Johns Hopkins University Baltimore United States of America 16 University of Pennsylvania Philadelphia United States of America 17 University of Michigan Ann Arbor United States of America 18 Duke University Durham United States of America 19 Cornell University Ithaca United States of America 20 University of Toronto Toronto Canada As you see the Top20 rankings of world university, what do you feel, and how do you feel? I feel that our dear Canada has lost on the top, is losing on the top, and will lose on the top, if we do not do anything significant. What is wrong with our dear Canada? In the field of higher education, USA is so strong, UK is so strong, but our Canada is so weak! I have tried to look for the reason for a long time, but I have not get the key. Now I believe I get the key, the unconstitutional practice of federal politics. "Whether MPs should act as delegates or trustees, both views of representation are constrained by another reality of Canada's parliamentary tradition: party politics and discipline. Most MPs are members of a political party and, as such, are required to follow the wishes of their party when deliberating and acting in the House. In Canada party discipline is much more acute than in other western democracies. In the United States and the United Kingdom, for example, representatives enjoy considerably more freedom from their parties. Canadian MPs, however, are expected to follow the direction set by their parties' leadership and caucus — even when that direction is in opposition to their views or the demands of their constituents."(2) That is the party politics and discipline! Under the party politics and the party discipline, our MPs in the House even can not represent themselves and their constituents, and their freedom is considerably less than their counterparts in both USA and UK. Our MPs even can not protect their own constitutional freedom in the House! Our higher education system is under suck a federal party politics and party discipline, does not surprise me by losing in long run on the top. As I review the role of the prime minister, and his or her office, the information even surprises me more. "Unwritten constitutional convention holds that this authority is actually exercised by the Prime Minister and his/her Cabinet." (3). Here I understand as the authority of the Prime Minister is constitutional convention although unwritten. "The PMO represents an important central agency in the Canadian government. The term 'central agencies' refers to a group of government administrative bodies whose responsibilities extend across all policies areas. This is due to the Prime Minister’s position at the pinnacle of executive political power in the federal government, and the PMO’s role as the Prime Minister’s personal exempt staff. The PMO acts as an extension of the Prime Minister in his/her dealings with other parts of government and the parliamentary system as a whole and, in this context, plays an important role in political decision-making."(4). Here I learn that the role of the PMO is the central agency as an extension of the Prime Minister in the unwritten constitutional convention. "The Constitution is recognized as the supreme law in Canada."(4). "This notion of supremacy carries with it the principle of Constitutionalism. Under this principle, no political actor or institution is above the principles and norms as defined by the Constitution. Regardless of whether one is the Monarch, the Prime Minister of Canada, a provincial Premier, or an elected representative in a legislature, all are legally obligated to act in accordance with the constitutional rulebook."(4). Here, I learn that the Constitution is the supreme law, and the different parts of the constitution are in balances of each other according each significance in the constitution. However, the balances is still at low level, which have made too much authoritarian and too less freedom, and in turn have made Canada lose the contest of higher educational systems on the top international in long run. For improving everything needed in the future of Canada, our Canadian people should check our constitution, and even reconstitutes Canada if in need. Reference (1) https://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/world-university-rankings/2015/world-ranking#/sort/0/direction/asc (2)​ http://mapleleafweb.com/features/house-commons-introduction-canadas-premier-legislative-body (3) http://www.mapleleafweb.com/features/canadian-constitution-introduction-canada-s-constitutional-framework (4) http://www.mapleleafweb.com/features/prime-minister-s-office-canada-responsibilities-organization-and-issues
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